Pest control 2/16/2020 – gtg

Types of Ants

Fire ants, carpenter ants, and sugar ants are the most common ants that bother people. We have selected ant killers which will be most effective against these colonies, however, when Maxforce and Drax are combined together, it will deal with just about any known species of ant.

Swarming insects in the Spring may or may not be termites. Winged ants are often confused with winged termites. Ants have bent antennae, termites have straight. Ants have thin waists, termites have thick. Ants have front wings that are longer than their back, the termite has both pairs the same size.

How ant baits work
Ant Baits are designed to work compatibly with the biology and social behavior of ants to achieve effective control. Granular ant killers made from Diazinon or Dursban tends to kill the worker ants too fast. This alarms the active queen and makes her move house and set up a fresh colony.
Baiting for ants gets the ants to work for you. Just put the right bait in the correct place and the ants take it home and kill their queens, and their buddies too. Ant baits are designed to work a little slower than other forms of treatment but they are more effective because the Queen does not get alarmed by the slower reduction in her worker ants. Ant bait is the ideal means of targeted elimination of ant infestations. Baits are used to kill the entire colony, not just foraging workers.

Types of Ant Baits

Ant Bait Gel
No backpack sprayer or hose is required to apply Drax ant bait. Ant baits eliminate chemical drift, will not harm plants, and are odorless. Drax Ant bait gel is not available in stores. Drax controls a variety of protein and sugar feeding ants, including the Pharaoh ant. Drax is pet safe and harmless to children and the environment.

Ant Bait Granules
If the ants bite, such as fire ants or carpenter ants, Maxforce is the product you need. Treat fire ant mounds with one ounce around the perimeter of the mound. Apply 4 to 8 ounces in a 1-2 foot-wide band adjacent to the foundation around the perimeter of buildings. To broadcast granular bait, use one ounce per 1,800 square feet.

Indoor applications include cracks, crevices and other inaccessible areas such as wall voids, unfinished attics and crawl spaces within residential and commercial buildings. A 1/2 ounce application is sufficient for the treatment of cracks and crevices

Ant Bait Stations
Place ant bait stations by ant trails and/or where ants have been seen. Place three bait stations in an average size room, or approximately one bait station per 100 square feet. (Increase for heavy infestations.)

Do not spray chemicals or disturb trails between ant nests and bait stations. Killing ants or disturbing trails will prevent ants from carrying the bait back to the colony. Maxforce is the product you need for ants that bite, such as fire ants or carpenter ants.

Fire Ant Trap
The Solar Fire Ant trap is ideal for use around homes, gardens, farms/ranches, play areas, around pools and ponds. The Solar Fire Ant trap was developed as an alternative to using a dangerous chemical found in most ant baits, though our Drax and Maxforce ant baits are not harmful.

The unit runs on sunlight, so there is no need for batteries, etc. It’s very low maintenance and lasts for years of use. The fire ants are stimulated by electricity, so they attack the fire ant trap and fall into the cone where they continue to attack each other. When there is very little activity or cone is full of fire ants, just dump out dead fire ants and go on to the next troublesome mound.

No Ant Pet Food Dish – Ant less Food Dish
The Bowzer bowl is designed to stop ants from getting to your pet’s food. The base section is uniquely designed to either trap ants or to merely stop them reaching the bowl section. When filled with water the ants do not even try to get further, if kept dry the ants are confused and marooned inside the base.

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How to get rid of fleas. Flea Control, Flea Killers

For controlling and killing fleas, we have three great products which just about all the professional pest control officers use. RX Plus for Fleas is a carpet powder which kills fleas and stops them from breeding. Permethrin kills the current adult flea population and FleaFix is designed to prevent fleas from reaching maturity and therefore cuts out successful breeding.

FleaFix
Is an insect growth regulator to stop reproduction of fleas and roaches and to prevent re-infestation. Safe for plants, furniture, carpets and has pleasant to no odors. Easily mixes – 1 oz. with 1 gallon of water and treats up to 1,500 sq. ft.. indoors, 750 sq. ft outdoors.

Permethrin
This is a great product for treating both inside and outside areas infested with fleas. Multi-use indoor and outdoor insecticide for use on Animals and Animal Premises. For controlling fleas, flies, mange mites, horse flies, ticks, mosquitoes, gnats, ear ticks, deer ticks, poultry mites, blowflies, hog lice, northern fowl mites lice.

FleaFix + Permethrin
Use Permethrin for a quick knock-down of the adult population and let the growth regulator, FleaFix take care of the eggs. Although nearly all fleas present will be controlled by the time you complete the treatment, do not be alarmed if you see some small fleas for a few days after treatment. These fleas are newly hatched from their protective pupae case or newly introduced to the home by your pet. The residual effect of the Permethrin will kill them and the eggs will be controlled the FleaFix Insect Growth Regulator.

RX Flea Powder
The ‘fine’ powder allows for easy application on while brushing into the carpet. The ‘statically charged’ powder provides a clinging effect to carpet fibers. This allows very little to be removed by vacuuming, thereby providing long-lasting protection. It attaches to the flea larvae as they wiggle by. The effectiveness of killing (dehydrating) flea larvae is greatly increased. If applied properly, RX will rid your home of fleas for one full year.

Children and pets should not be in the treatment area during application but can come in immediately following application. Flea powder also has a neutral pH of 7.0, so it will not damage or stain your carpet, or repel pests that can sense acidic substances.

Indoor Flea Control:
Vacuum all floors, carpets, baseboards, pet bedding and furniture. Vacuuming not only removes a percentage of fleas and eggs, but it also stimulates the cocoons to hatch. Vacuum prior to treatment and resume vacuuming 24 hours after treatment. Recent research indicates that daily vacuuming for two to three weeks after treatment will expedite the elimination of fleas. For flea-control on hardwood floors, begin with vacuuming the floors and baseboards, then spray the floor including all cracks, crevices and baseboards.

The first treatment should include a spray with a quick knockdown insecticide such as Permethrin mixed with an FGR (Flea Growth Regulator), such as FleaFix Wait 24 hours to begin daily vacuuming. The growth regulator will take about three weeks to gain control of the eggs. Some adults will hatch during this period because the FGR will inhibit the development of the eggs and larvae, and the insecticide will kill the adults. The cocoons remain unaffected and will eventually hatch within 5-10 days under normal circumstances. The cocoons require humidity, warmth, and vibration in order to hatch. When the cocoons hatch, the adult fleas emerge, which requires another treatment of insecticide to eliminate the newly-hatched fleas. This is the reason for additional treatments.

If you’re using RX Flea Powder, slowly brush the powder into the carpet with a push broom. Brush in one direction to evenly distribute the powder. Then, use a slow back and forth motion until no visible powder remains. The powder will stick to the carpet but it is better to not vacuum for a few days. Rx for Fleas, WHEN APPLIED PROPERLY, will rid your home of fleas for one full year.

Outdoor Flea Control
To control fleas outdoors, spray the Permethrin, in the areas where the pet spends the majority of time i.e., kennels, runs, beds fence lines, along sidewalks and driveways, underneath decks, and areas adjacent to foundations, etc. A repeat treatment may be necessary after four weeks.

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Rodents include mice, rats, squirrels, porcupines, beavers, guinea pigs, and hamsters. Rodents use their sharp incisors to gnaw wood, break into food, and bite predators. Most rodents eat seeds or plants, though some have more varied diets. Some species have historically been pests, eating seeds stored by people and spreading disease.

Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents of the superfamily Muroidea. “True rats” are members of the genus Rattus, the most important of which to humans are the black rat, and the brown rat. Many members of other rodent genera and families are, also referred to as rats and share many characteristics with true rats.

Rats are typically distinguished from mice by their size; rats are generally large rodents, while mice are generally small rodents. The rodents family is very large and complex, and the common terms rat and mouse are not taxonomically specific. Generally, when someone discovers a large rodent, its common name includes the term rat, while if it is small, the name includes the term mouse. Scientifically, the terms are not confined to members of the Rattus and Mus genera,

The best-known rat species are the black rat and the brown rat. The group is generally known as the Old World rats or true rats, and originated in Asia. Rats are bigger than most Old World mice, which are their relatives, but seldom weigh over 500 grams (1.1 lb) in the wild.

The average lifespan of any given rat depends on which species is being discussed, but many only live about a year due to predation.

Rats became commensally with humans remains unsettled, but as a species, they have spread and established themselves along routes of human migration and now live almost everywhere humans are.

Common conflicts and solutions
Food: Rats will eat anything a human will, and more. Worse damage is done by their urine and feces, which are left behind on any uneaten food.

Burrows: Although rats may create damage with their borrowing, it is usually more superficial than structural.

Chewing: Since their front teeth grow all their lives rats, chew on things to keep them worn down. This can be dangerous when they gnaw on electrical wiring.

Public Health: Rats can carry many diseases that are harmful to people.

Tolerance
Tolerating rats is not something many people want to do. For many reasons, people and rats are unlikely to coexist peacefully. But coexist we will, as perhaps more than any other wild animal, rats have adapted to living among humans. That we do not generally tolerate their presence does not mean that we need to use dangerous and inhumane methods to destroy them — or accept a no-holds-barred way of controlling their numbers.

The best way to control rats is to discourage them from taking up residence in the first place. Typically, conditions that support high rat populations are left until there is a real crisis at hand. Then the poisons are used or trapping employed to reduce the population, only to leave unaddressed the cause of the problem in the first place. Any effort to limit rat populations must be followed by taking the necessary steps—exclusion and sanitation—to make sure the same problems never happen again.

Identifying rat signs
Droppings.
Gnawed holes up to two inches wide in baseboards or at doorframes (indicates they have been there a while).
Smudge marks (body oils) on walls.
Sounds of movement in walls and attics.
The family pet staring intently at a blank wall.
Burrows may indicate the presence of rats, but could also indicate other burrowing animals such as chipmunks. Never attempt to control a wildlife problem without being sure what species of wildlife you are dealing with.

To find out if the burrow is in current use, loosely fill it with soil or leaves and check it in a day or two to see if it has been re-opened.

Modifying habitat
Good sanitation is the best and economical way to control rats.

Public health concerns
Rats are considered as carriers or transmitters of more human diseases than any other life form, except maybe the mosquito. Some of the diseases that can be spread from rats to people are bubonic and pneumonic plague, murine typhus, salmonella, leptospirosis, Hantavirus, and tularemia.

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